1. How was Ireland a “rehearsal” for English colonization in America in terms of both ideology and practice?
2. How did the English understand cultural heterogeneity in the medieval and early modern period?
3. For Edmund Morgan, what was the American Paradox?
4. Using specific examples, please explain how Breen and Innes’ work supports Morgan’s assertion: “Men of all countries appeared [in the colonies]: French, Spanish, Dutch, Turkish, Portuguese, and African. Virginia took them in and began to make Englishmen of them.”